Information about Tajikistan
Travellers are advised against all non-essential travel to Tajikistan. The Karategin valley, Kofarnihon and Tavildara areas, mountainous areas bordering Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan and districts bordering Afghanistan in particular should be avoided. For further advice contact a local government travel advice department :
– British Foreign and Commonwealth Office : Website: http://www.fco.gov.uk/travel/countryadvice.asp
Tel: +44 (0)20 7238 4503/4
– US Department of State : Website: http://travel.state.gov/travel_warnings.html
– Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade :
Website : http://www.voyage.gc.ca/destinations/menu_e.htm
143,100 sq km (55,251 sq miles).
Dushanbe. Population: 562,000 (2000)
Tajikistan is bordered by Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan to the north, Afghanistan to the south and China (PR) to the east. 93 per cent of the republic is occupied by mountains, most notably by the sparsely populated Pamir Mountains, which include Mount Garmo (formerly Pik Kommunizma; 7495m/24,590ft), the highest point of the former Soviet Union. The mountainous terrain means that in winter it is impossible to reach the east or the north of the country by road without taking a detour through Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. In the fertile plains of the southwest, cotton dominates the agriculture. In the north, in the Khudzand (formerly Leninabad) region, cotton and silk are the main crops.
Republic with Authoritarian regime. Gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Head of State: President Imamali S Rahmonov since 1992. Head of Government: Prime Minister Akil Akilov since 1999.
Tajik is the official language, an ancient Persian language similar to the languages of Iran and Afghanistan. In the Pamir Mountains, there are at least five different languages, all related to an even more ancient form of Iranian. Russian is widely used (35 per cent of the population speak Russian fluently), and discrimination against Russian speakers is prohibited by law. English is sometimes spoken by those involved in tourism.
Predominantly Sunni Muslim (80 per cent) with a small Shi’ite Muslim minority (5 per cent). A large Ishmaeli minority exists in the Pamirs. There is also a smaller and shrinking Russian Orthodox minority and a small Jewish community.
Time : GMT + 5.
Electricity : 220 volts AC, 50Hz. Round, two-pin continental plugs are standard.
Telephone : IDD to Tajikistan is available but services are unreliable. Country code: 992 (followed by 372 for Dushanbe). Outgoing International code: 00. International telephone calls can be made from telephone offices which will usually be found attached to a post office (in Dushanbe, on Prospekt Rudaki). There are now also some new, private telephone offices in Dushanbe. International, operator-routed calls can also be ordered from some hotels such as the Hotel Tajikistan and the Hotel Independence. Direct-dial calls within the CIS are obtained by dialling 8 and waiting for another dial tone and then dialling the city code. Calls within the city limits are free of charge.